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Year : 2015  |  Volume : 3  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 41-47

Fungal pneumonia in intensive care unit: When to suspect and decision to treatment: A critical review

1 Department of Chest Medicine, Calcutta National Medical College, Kolkata, West Bengal, India
2 Department of Chest Medicine, Midnapore Medical College, Medinipur, West Bengal, India

Correspondence Address:
Shelley Shamim
A-4 Pratiksha Apartment, Kaikhali, Sardarpara, Kolkata - 700 052, West Bengal
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/2320-8775.158837

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Fungal pneumonia is classically found in neutropenic patients. There is increase in concern about this entity in nonneutropenic critically ill patients. Aspergillus is the main offending organism. Although Candida is frequently found in respiratory sample in intensive care unit (ICU) it is always colonization rather than pneumonia. Other than neutropenia, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease and long-term steroid use are the main risk factors for invasive pulmonary aspergillosis in an ICU setting. Treatment in a nonneutropenic patient is only considered if the culture of Aspergillus comes positive in respiratory sample in the background of risk factors.

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