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Year : 2015  |  Volume : 3  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 38-40

Pneumothorax in human immunodeficiency virus infection

1 Department of Pulmonary Medicine, Medical College, Kolkata, West Bengal, India
2 Department of Pediatric Medicine, Calcutta National Medical College, Kolkata, West Bengal, India

Correspondence Address:
Sibes Kumar Das
Souhardya Apartment, West Bankimpally, Madhyamgram, Kolkata - 700 129, West Bengal
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/2320-8775.158834

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Pneumothorax occurs more frequently in people with Human immunodeficiency virus infection in comparison with the general population. In most cases it is secondary the underlying pulmonary disorder, especially pulmonary infections. Though Pneumocystis jiroveci pneumonia is most common pulmonary infection associated with pneumothorax, other infections, non-infective etiology and iatrogenic causes are also encountered. Pneumothorax in these patients are associated with persistent bronchopleural fistula, prolonged hospital stay, poor success with intercostal tube drain, frequent requirement of surgical intervention and increased mortality. Optimal therapeutic approach in these patients is still not well-defined.

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